Muslims believe that the present life is only a trial preparation for the next realm of existence. This life is a test for each individual for the life after death. A day will come when the whole universe will be destroyed and the dead will be resurrected for judgment by God. This day will be the beginning of a life that will never end. This day is the Day of Judgment. On that day, all people will be rewarded by God according to their beliefs and deeds.
Belief in the Day of Judgment, or Al Qiyamah, is compulsory on all Muslims, with the concept being part of the six articles of faith. It is the Day in which Allah will resurrect all of mankind who had ever lived on the Earth to judge them by their deeds and assign for them Paradise or the Hellfire.
We believe that judgment is an integral part of God’s nature; it is His characteristic divine prerogative. To understand God means to know and comprehend His judgments, which are very comprehensive. Through the study of His judgments, we can know who He is and what is His character. God actually invites us to understand His judgments in order to be able to deliberately declare that He is love and justice (Injil Romans 3:4; Tawrat Psalms. 51:4; 34:8; Injil Philippians 2:10-11).
In the Bible there is a twofold definition of God’s judgment: positive and negative. Both aspects are usually presented and are complementary, but it is necessary to emphasize that the primary meaning is undeniably a judgment in favor of God’s faithful people (Tawrat Deuteronomy 32: 36; Tawrat 1 Chronicles 16: 33-35; Tawrat Daniel 7: 22; Injil Hebrews 9: 27-28). When God judges, it means first of all that He justifies, delivers, saves, vindicates, and protects. Judgment means justification, salvation, deliverance, and vindication. There are many examples of this positive aspect of the judgment of God, because biblical teaching about judgment is first of all redemptive in nature (Tawrat Psalms 76: 8-9).10 David can ask God: ‘Judge me, O Lord’11 (Ps. 7:8), because he knows that judgment is a vindication; it is God’s intervention on behalf of the saints; it is His vindication against our enemies. In the divine heavenly court, judgment is pronounced ‘in favor of the saints of the Most High’ (Tawrat Daniel 7:22). Nothing can be better than this forensic proclamation, because on this verdict depends the eternal life of the redeemed.
I can see a same picture in Islam also, we can see that in the first Sura (Al Fatiha), it says: “In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. Praise be to Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds; Most Gracious, Most Merciful; Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee do we worship, and Thine aid we seek. Show us the straightway, The way of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy Grace, those whose (portion) is not wrath, and who go not astray” (Al-Qur’an, Al-Fatiha 1. 1-7).
These verse says that God, who is the Most Merciful, Most Gracious, is the Master of the Day of Judgment. So, how great is this God, and merciful the Judgment Day will be. This positive phase of Judgment is not even spoke about in Islam.
Another verse that we can look at “And who, I hope, will forgive me my faults on the day of Judgment” (Al-Shuara 26:82). He is looking for the Day of Judgment, because he is hoping that God will forgive him. I can see Prophet David’s picture here saying, “Judge me O God”.
Judgement is a positive thing when you have security in an advocate and the judge at the same time, thank Allah we have this assurance in Isa Al-Masih who is our Advocate and even the Judge at the Day of Judgement according to Qur’an and the Holy Bible.