The term “Al-Masih”is used eleven times in the Qur’an in reference to
Isa. Many people simply understand this term to mean “anointed one”.
It comes from the Arabic root “msh” which means “to anoint”. In the
Arabic language there is a different word for “anointed one” which is
“mamsuh”. Arabic words follow a specific pattern. By adding vowels to
the root word the grammatical structure and the meaning will be
changed. When we look at the grammatical structure of “masih”, it’s
obvious that it means “most anointed” or “anointed to a high degree, to
the point that this anointing is an inherent and permanent quality”.
There is a lot of similarity between Arabic and Hebrew languages, the
word “Al-Masih”, the suffix “al” in both languages makes a difference,
it gives reference to “specific” Masih, “Al” refers to someone who is
previously known, previously referred to or one in a class of his own.
The meaning of “Al-Masih” is significant when we recognize that Isa
Al-Masih is the only one who was referred to in the Bible or the Qur’an
as being “Al-Masih”. None of the other prophets are referred to by this
title. It refers to the Anointed One (Al-Mamsuh).
Allah the Almighty promised King David that one of his descendants
would be different from all other kings: “And it shall come to pass,
when your days are ended that you must go to be with your fathers, that I
will raise up your seed after you, who shall be of your sons; and I
will establish his kingdom. He shall build me a house, and I will
establish his throne forever. I will be his father, and he shall be my
son: and I will not take my mercy away from him, as I took it from him
that was before you: But I will settle him in my house and in my kingdom
forever: and his throne shall be established for evermore” (Tawrat 1
What kind of anointing is this? What was Isa Al-Masih anointed with?
In the following verses will see what the Qur’an say about the identity of Isa Al-Masih.
In Al-Nisa 4:171, Al-Baqara 2:87 and Al-Maida 5:110 the Qur’an refers to “Spirit” in regard to Isa Al-Masih.
Al-Nisa 4:171, “O People of the Scripture! Do not exaggerate in your
religion, and do not say about Allah except the truth. Al-Masih, Isa,
the son of Mariam, is the Messenger of Allah, and His Word that He
conveyed to Mary, and a Spirit from Him. So believe in Allah and His
messengers, and do not say, “Three.” Refrain—it is better for you. Allah
is only one God. Glory be to Him—that He should have a son. To Him
belongs everything in the heavens and the earth, and Allah is a
Al-Baqara 2:87, “We gave Moses the Scripture, and sent a succession
of messengers after him. And We gave Isa son of Mary the clear proofs,
and We supported him with the Holy Spirit. Is it that whenever a
messenger comes to you with anything your souls do not desire, you grew
arrogant, calling some impostors, and killing others?”
Al-Maida 5:110, “When Allah will say, “O Isa son of Mary, recall My
favor upon you and upon your mother, how I supported you with the Holy
Spirit. You spoke to the people from the crib, and in maturity. How I
taught you the Scripture and wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel. And
recall that you molded from clay the shape of a bird, by My leave, and
then you breathed into it, and it became a bird, by My leave. And you
healed the blind and the leprous, by My leave; and you revived the dead,
by My leave. And recall that I restrained the Children of Israel from
you when you brought them the clear miracles. But those who disbelieved
among them said, `This is nothing but obvious sorcery.’“
In order to understand the meaning of the Spirit, there is a need
look at the books that came first, for the Qur’an advices, “If you are
in doubt about what We revealed to you, ask those who read the Scripture
before you. The truth has come to you from your Lord, so do not be of
those who doubt.” (Yunus 10:94).
The Holy Injil describes how the angel Jibra`el spoke to Miriam, “The
Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will
overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of
God.” (Luke 1:35)
These Qur’anic verses state clearly that Isa was more than a prophet,
if we looked carefully that His anointment with the Spirit is really
equal to Him been supported and empowered by the Spirit. It is important
to clear some misunderstandings, for some Muslims say “Spirit” refers
to the breath of life that each person has (Qur’an 15:29; 32:9; 38:73),
nor refers to Jibra`el (Qur’an 16:102).
Let’s us take a close look at what the Qur’an says in Al-Maida 5:110
concerning the strengthening or supporting with the Holy Spirit, this
anointing of the Holy Spirit caused Al-Masih to do many miracles, “You
spoke to the people from the crib, and in maturity. How I taught you the
Scripture and wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel. And recall that you
molded from clay the shape of a bird, by My leave, and then you
breathed into it, and it became a bird, by My leave. And you healed the
blind and the leprous, by My leave; and you revived the dead, by My
The Bible describes how He was anointed by the Holy Spirit at his
baptism, “You know what has happened … after the baptism that John
preached–how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and
power, and how he went around doing good and healing all who were under
the power of the devil, because God was with him.” (Injil Acts 10:37-38)
Al-Masih proclaimed the beginning of His ministry, “The Spirit of God
is upon me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor.
He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of
sight for the blind, to release the oppressed, to proclaim the year of
the Lord’s favor.” (Injil Luke 4:18-19)
Isa Al-Masih was anointed with the Spirit of God like no other man.
If “Spirit of God” means the physical breath of life, as some Muslims
teach, then any ordinary man should be able to do miracles.
The Holy Injil declares that “God is Spirit” (Injil John 4:24) and
Isa is the Word “the Word was God” (Injil John 1:1), the eternal Word of
Allah (Isa), possessed the divine spirit and nature and essence of
Allah. This eternal Word that co-existed with God from eternity became
flesh (Injil John 1:14).
To believe that Isa Al-Masih was a prophet is not enough.? Who do you say that Isa Al-Masih is?